A credit card plan for a well informed newbie


A single retiree named Ben recently asked me for advice.  Has has read about the advantages of signing up for credit cards for signup bonuses and wants to get started.  He seems to really understand the game — he just hasn’t played it yet.  He owns rental property, but primarily lives off his pension and savings.  The last time he signed up for a credit card was more than 2 years ago.  He can spend $5,000 per month on credit cards through regular use and by using a service like Plastiq to pay his bills.  His Experian credit score is 789 and his TransUnion and Equifax scores (provided by Credit Karma) are over 820.  He always pays his credit card bills in full and on time.

a screenshot of a graph

My reaction?  This is nearly the perfect storm of awesome opportunities!  Thanks to his rental property, he can apply for business cards as well as personal cards.  And $5K spend per month should be more than enough to meet minimum spend requirements.

a screenshot of a credit score

Hoarding and Cherry Picking

I usually recommend cards based on a person’s goals.  Those who want to use points to stay in B&B’s will do best with pay with points cards.  Those who want to fly international first class will do best with airline miles.  In this case, he wants to keep his options open and likes the idea of hoarding points and cherry picking awards.  To me that means focusing first on transferable points like Amex Membership Rewards, Chase Ultimate Rewards, Citi ThankYou Rewards, and SPG (Starwood Preferred Guest).

Starting with Chase

When someone starts completely fresh like this, I think it is essential to start with Chase cards that fall under the 5/24 Rule (where they will not approve your application if you’ve opened 5 or more accounts in the past 24 months).

Since Ben has opened zero accounts in the past 24 months, he can open up to 5 Chase cards that fall under the 5/24 Rule before getting locked out.  The cards that currently offer signup bonuses and earn Ultimate Rewards points are:

  1. Chase Ink Business Preferred80K after $5K spend in 3 months
  2. Chase Sapphire Preferred55K: 50K after $4K spend in 3 months + 5K for adding authorized user
  3. Chase Sapphire Reserve50K after $4K spend in 3 months
  4. Chase Ink Cash30K after $3K spend in 3 months
  5. Chase Freedom Unlimited17.5K: 15K after $500 spend in 3 months + 2.5K for adding authorized user
  6. Chase Freedom17.5K: 15K after $500 spend in 3 months + 2.5K for adding authorized user

I think that the first four cards in the list above are great choices.  They have excellent signup bonuses ranging from 30K to 80K.  The Freedom cards are both worthwhile too, but their signup bonuses aren’t great.  He may be better off getting a different fifth card and later downgrading the Sapphire Preferred to the Freedom Unlimited in order to get 1.5X everywhere from the Freedom Unlimited card..

Note that two of the top 4 cards in the above list are business cards.  We’ve received mixed information from readers about whether or not Chase business cards contribute to the 5/24 count.  They don’t show up on credit reports (which Chase uses to count a person’s 5/24 status, at least with other banks), but Chase Business cards obviously can be counted by Chase.  If he’s willing, Ben can attempt to sign up for a Chase card as his sixth card in order to find out definitively whether or not Chase business cards count towards 5/24.  If the sixth card is approved, then we’ll know that the Chase business cards he signed up for did not count towards 5/24.

For his fifth card, he can pick from one of these other Chase cards that fall under 5/24:

  • Southwest: All 3 varieties currently offer 60K points after $2K or $3K spend.  50K offers are more common.
  • United MileagePlus personal or business: 50K after $3K spend
  • Marriott personal: 80K after $3K spend

Ben is not particularly interested in flying Southwest, so the United offer would be his best bet.  Hopefully he will be targeted for an even better 75K offer once he’s ready to apply for this card.  If not, he can make the United business card his fifth card instead.  That way, if it turns out that business cards do not contribute to his 5/24 status, he’ll still be able to get the United MileagePlus personal card later.  This will give him extra time to find a good targeted offer.

The Chase Plan

To keep things simple, I suggest that he sign up for one card at a time: Sign up for a card, meet spend requirements, apply for the next card about a month later, and repeat.

There could be a small benefit to signing up for two cards on the same day in order to limit the number of inquiries on his account, but same-day Chase inquiries do not always get combined into one.

So, here’s the plan:

Month 1: Chase Ink Business Preferred; 80K after $5K spend in 3 months; $95 annual fee

Ben should sign up first for the Chase Ink Business Preferred (click for details).  He doesn’t have a business name or EIN for his rental property business, but he should be able to use his own name as the business name and his SSN as the business Tax ID.

Given that he can spend $5K per month, he can knock out this card’s spend requirement in one month.  He may want to cancel this card (or downgrade to a no fee card) after a year when the next annual fee comes due unless he finds that he makes good use of the card’s 3X categories (details here).

Month 2: Chase Sapphire Preferred; 55K after $4K spend in 3 months + add an authorized user; $95 annual fee waived the first year

Next, Ben will sign up for the Sapphire Preferred (click for details) and add an authorized user in order to get the extra 5,000 points.  He should make sure to add someone who doesn’t plan to sign up for Chase cards in the next two years so that the authorized user card won’t count against their 5/24 status.

Once he signs up for the next card (the Sapphire Reserve card), this one won’t do him much good anymore (since the Sapphire Reserve is a better card in many ways).  He can then downgrade (in multiple steps) to the no fee Freedom Unlimited.

Month 3: Chase Sapphire Reserve 50K after $4K spend in 3 months; $300 in annual travel credits; $450 annual fee

Ben’s third card will be the Sapphire Reserve (click for details).  Once the card arrives he should follow these steps to get the most value from it: Your Sapphire Reserve Card arrived. Here’s what to do next…

Ben should also make sure to spend at least $300 on the card on travel in the first year, in order to get full value from the card’s $300 in travel credits.

After a year, Ben can evaluate how much he spent on the card on travel and dining.  With the right spending patterns, the card’s 3X rewards for travel and dining and $300 in annual travel credits can more than make up for the $450 annual fee.  If he finds that he spent at least $300 on travel, and at least $15,000 on travel & dining combined, then keeping the card is a no-brainer (assuming similar use going forward).  If he finds that he spent substantially less on these 3X categories, then he may want to cancel or downgrade the card after a year in order to avoid the second year annual fee.  He should always make sure to have a premium card, though, so that he can preserve the ability to transfer points to airline and hotel programs.  See: Ultimate Rewards Questions Answered.

Month 4: Chase Ink Cash; 30K after $3K spend in 3 months; No annual fee

The fourth card I recommend is the no-fee Chase Ink Cash (click for details).  Since this card offers 5X Ultimate Rewards points for office supply purchases, phone, TV, and internet, it’s a great card to keep long term.  Ben should make sure to setup his phone, cable, and internet accounts (Netflix too) to charge to this card so that he’ll automatically earn 5X points for each of these monthly expenses.

Months 1 through 4 totals

If all goes to plan, Ben will have earned 215,000 Ultimate Rewards points from signup bonuses after four months.  That doesn’t even count the additional points he’ll have earned from spend.  He can move those points into his Sapphire Reserve account so that they are worth 1.5 cents each towards travel.  More than 215,000 points at 1.5 cents each, results in well over $3,000 worth of travel.

Next Steps

Four months out is as far as I’m willing to spell out the plan at this point since things tend to change rapidly.  I’d like to touch base with Ben after he gets the Ink Cash and then re-evaluate the plan based on current card signup bonuses, new application rules (if any), any changes to his situation, etc.

In the unlikely event that things were to remain exactly as they are today, I may recommend that he next sign up for:

5. United MileagePlus Business Card: 50K

and (to test whether or not business cards count):

6. United MileagePlus consumer card: 50K

and (depending upon whether or not business cards count)

7. Marriott Premier Rewards: 80K

and (depending upon whether or not business cards count)

8. Freedom 17.5K

If all goes well, the above plan may definitively answer whether Chase business cards count towards 5/24.  If he is rejected for card #6 due to 5/24, then we’ll know for certain that Chase business cards are counted.  If he gets approved for card #6, then at least one of his 3 business cards wasn’t counted.  If he goes further and gets approved for card #7, then we’ll know that at least two of his 3 business cards weren’t counted.  And then if he’s approved for card #8, we’ll know that none of the business cards were counted.

What can go wrong?

There are many issues that Ben needs to watch out for.  Here are a handful:

  • Ben may have overestimated how much credit card spend he can handle.  If so, he can simply draw out this plan further.  Spend two or three months meeting the spend requirements for each card, rather than just one.
  • Plastiq may not work the way Ben had hoped.  I don’t know if Ben was planning to pay his mortgage with Plastiq, but if so, he may have a problem.  Plastiq recently stopped allowing Visa credit cards to be used to pay mortgages.  And all of these Chase cards are Visa cards.
  • Rules may change.  Chase may introduce new rules that prevent Ben from getting so many cards even if he stays within 5/24.
  • Ben may forget to pay his credit card bill on time.  When signing up for new cards, I find that it is easy to miss the initial payments since I usually setup autopay.  If I forget to setup autopay with a new card, then you can bet I’ll forget to pay the bill.  Hopefully Bill will be better prepared than that.  If not, most banks will waive the fees for a first offense if you just call and ask.
  • Offers may drop before Ben signs up for a planned card.  If that happens we may need to re-adjust the plan.

Won’t Ben’s credit score drop?

I don’t think so.  I big portion of current credit scores used by credit card companies is a person’s credit utilization ratio.  As Ben signs up for more cards, he’ll be given more and more available credit.  And, if his credit card spend doesn’t change much, his utilization ratio will go down.  That’s a good thing.  My bet is that his score will dip initially, but then go up after a few months.  Hopefully Ben will share his new scores in few months so that we can see for sure.

Note that if Ben was about to seek a new mortgage or seek new car insurance, I wouldn’t recommend as many new cards.  Mortgage companies and insurers are known to be more sensitive to many accounts than most credit card companies.

Stay Tuned

Ben has promised to keep me up to date as he signs up for cards.  I hope to post updates every couple of months.  I’m especially interested to see what happens with the business card 5/24 question.

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