Is there anything more Frequent Miler than Reasonable Redemption Values? Since FM started doing them in 2014, RRV’s have been like a warm comforter, securing us in the knowledge that our points and miles redemptions are passing good value muster.
But what are reasonable redemption values, some might ask? Well, Greg will tell you:
Reasonable Redemption Values (RRVs) are estimates of how much value you can reasonably expect to get from your points…(they) are intended to be mid-point values that are reasonably easy to achieve with just a bit of work in finding good rather than poor value awards.
Somewhere in between that one guy on social media that always seems to redeem his AA miles on a whole QSuites cabin at $42/point and my grandparents that love being able to buy magazine subscriptions at less than 1/2 cent per point (“they’re free!”), lie RRV’s. The idea is that you should have a conservative estimate for baseline points value in a given program without having to spend hours cherry-picking awards. Below that, you’re in the lower-ish half of possible redemptions, above it, in the top-ish half.
You never again have to wonder if 390,000 SkyMiles for a $2700 business class ticket between the US and Europe is a good deal. Just look at the Delta RRV’s and you’ll find out that…it most decidedly is not. Save those SkyMiles for 5,000 mile tickets to Mexico.
This ain’t no stablecoin heading for a meltdown. RRV’s give us piece of mind that our redemptions are rock solid.
Recently though, there’s been a few clouds on the horizon. Clouds that are accompanied by the noise of reasonable redemption values crackling over the fire alongside a discernable tingle of Frequent Miler joy. Someone’s been buying and redeeming points…at poor value. And the substandard offenders are none other than Nick Reyes and Greg the Frequent Miler himself.
What Crazy Things did Greg and Nick do?
First off, let’s talk about Nick “Membership Rewards are the Best Rewards” Reyes. Nick has long been the most loyal and dogged advocate for the absolute supremacy of Membership Rewards among the various transferable currencies. Whenever Greg brings up the desirability of Chase Ultimate Rewards because, Hyatt, Nick is quick to re-tell the stories of past international business class glory and the plethora of avenues that can make it a reality again with a simple stash of Membership Rewards. That’s what puts it on top of the transferable currency heap in the RRV’s (among those programs with a welcome offer…looking at you, Bilt).
Once the pandemic hit and American Express started a national ticker-tape parade by making it rain Membership Rewards from coast-to-coast, you’d assume that Nick started getting out maps and figuring out lap-infant charges on Finnair, right? Nope, that rustling sound you hear is Nick rolling around on a bed full of cold, hard, Schwab-generated cash.
In April, Nick wrote a post where he
confessed revealed that had redeemed somewhere near a bazillion Membership Rewards points at 1.1 cent each via his Schwab Platinum in order to buy I-bonds. That’s not exactly the sexiest redemption in the skies. His rationale was based on a two factors. First, he had a swimming pool full of MR points to spend and second, he wanted to maximize his yearly I-bonds purchases while the rate is at 9.62%.
I don’t love redeeming points for value far below the reasonable redemption value, but it seems hard to accept the points sitting idly in a Membership Rewards account when I know that I could put them to use for what is essentially a locked-in rate of return. It seems like a poor-value use of points in today’s dollars, but the juice should become worth the squeeze within a year or two, particularly if the Amex point parade marches on.
Keep in mind, the current RRV for Membership Rewards is 1.55 cents/point, so many readers looked on in suprise. Was Nick “losing” almost 1/2 cent for every point he redeemed? Did he give up his points and miles convictions at the first scent of I-bonds greenback?
But we can always count on the Frequent Miler to have a level head…or can we?
Less than 24 hours after Nick’s post, Greg buried the lead in this post about Hyatt 40-night Milestone Rewards. There are two awards (“Milestone Rewards”) that the vast majority of people choose after reaching 40 elite nights in a year with Hyatt: a $100 Hyatt gift card or 5000 points. Now, our RRV’s for Hyatt say that 5000 points is “worth” $80 at 1.6pp. While a $100 credit shouldn’t be valued at $100, for Greg, $100 in Hyatt credit should be pretty close. We all know that Greg would be able to use it, if nothing else than to buy a round of cocktails and a couple green juices at Hyatt Ventana Big Sur (and I’m not kidding, two Marine Layer cocktails and two green juices ++ would literally cost $100).
For the sake of argument, let’s say he used that credit to pay for $100 worth of lodging (or room charges). He would earn 650 additional points (since he’s a Globalist, he gets 6.5 points per dollar), so the net point differential would be 5,000-650=4,350 Hyatt points. Taking the points instead of the credit means that Greg was effectively valuing each point at 2.3 cents of Hyatt credit each ($100/4350points), almost 50% above the RRV of 1.6 cpp. That doesn’t seem very reasonable. Greg’s rationale?
I chose 5,000 Hyatt points rather than the $100 Hyatt gift card so that I’d have one less thing to remember to deal with.
Et Tu, GtFM?
Is it time for an old-fashioned roast of hosts?
Before going on any longer, let’s have a chat about our newly de-pedestaled FM leaders. Did they give up on years of disciplined grinding and (gasp) redeem/buy points at sub-optimal value? And more to the “points,” was it a bad decison?
I don’t think so. In fact, I’ve done it myself…a lot.
Some folks with much better memories than mine may remember a post about why the annual fee difference between the Chase Sappire Reserve and Sapphire Preferred was made up for by the .25 cent difference in “Pay Yourself Back Power.” The reason was that, because I redeem a TON of Ultimate Rewards at 1.5 cents each, the extra .25 (along with the additional categories that it offers) makes the CSR worth much more to me than the CSP…more than the $250 difference in annual fee.
Yes, 1.5cpp is technically equal to the RRV for UR, but we all know that it’s easily possible to get much better “value” by transferring to partners. So, while I’m technically earning the RRV value, that’s all I’m getting…there is no redemption upside there.
I also have to admit that I cash out a ton of MRs via Schwab. I did it back when it was at 1.25cpp and I still do it now that it’s 1.1cpp. I cash them into a Roth IRA where it allows me to go beyond my $6K annual contribution limit. (PSA: To head off the comments, this is highly controversial and many people don’t do it because they don’t feel assured that there won’t be future tax penalties as a result. I talked to my CPA and am comfortable with it. But please don’t take my word for it, as I’m not offering tax advice and my CPA isn’t very good at it anyway).
So then what does it all mean?
For me, what this boils down to is what we mean by the concept of “value.” Redeemable value is easy to determine. How much would it cost in $$/how many points it costs. It’s that simple. The RRV’s are trying to get at a reasonable expectation of what average redeemable value is. If you’re getting less than .6cpp on IHG, for instance, you are most likely getting a redemption value that is in the bottom half of possible redemptions.
But we all intuitively know that redeemable value is not the same thing as “cash” value, because rarely would anyone pay the RRV rate for points. Nor should they. Why pay 1.5 cents for something that will only get you 1.5 cents in value but has less flexibility than the cash you started with?
Very few us will ever pay $10-15k for international first class. To say that somone got 10+cpp on a first class redemption, while true from the standpoint of redeemable value, isn’t reflective of the cash value of that redemption for most people. The flight wasn’t worth that much cash to the traveler to begin with.
But cash value isn’t absolute either. If I’m planning on traveling to Europe this Summer and there’s a business class redemption that I want, if someone were to offer me the chance to buy AAdvantage miles for that redemption at 1.1 cents per mile, I might be tempted…it would mean a RT European business class ticket for $1200-$1500 which would be great value based on normal pricing.
But, what if I already had 200,000 AA miles and didn’t have immediate plans for another redemption? I would never buy miles at 1.1 cents each. It would have to be a screaming, SimplyMiles kinda deal at that point. And to take it even further, what if I had 1,000,000 AA miles. Even something like the SimplyMiles deal would probably be pass.
The more of one currency you have, the less immediate value it will most likely have for you as you acquire more of that currency. The more of many multiple currencies you have, the more the effect is multiplied.
Because of my earnings, combined with our lack of ability to travel over the pandemic, my wife and I are sitting on millions of miles in airline and hotel programs. Those miles are never going to appreciate in value. In fact, if 2022 has solidified anything, it’s that those miles and points are going to depreciate in value consistently. As we’ve begun traveling again, my priority is to work those balances down before transferring even more points from Chase, Amex and Citi (unless I absolutely have to).
This is the exact point that Nick was making when he explained why he was redeeming for I-bonds. Holding points for years with no use in mind is rarely a good idea. In fact, it will almost certainly result in those points being worth less when all is said and done. That’s not even looking at what the potential increase in value those points would have had as cash/investments. If you’ve got 1,500,000 MR as part of a sizeable and diversified points stash and you need a new car, I’d be hard pressed to tell you NOT to turn that into $16,500 towards that very car (especially when you can earn another 500,000 when buying the car!).
Does that mean that everyone with a few hundred thousand MR points should get a Schwab card and cash out now? No, absolutely not. The reason is because, as I argue over and over again, everyone’s situation is different. It’s important to be able to tailor my earning and burning to my life/style and what my goals are with points and miles. If you only have 200,000 MR and are working towards two ANA Round the World tickets three year from now, go for it! The best part of what we do is that it enables us to travel more, and better, than we otherwise might. Cashback just isn’t as fun.
That said, if you have 500,000 MR, 200,000 UR, 100,000 TYP, 400,000 AA miles, 900,000 Hilton Points, 600,000 Delta miles, 200,000 Hyatt points…well, maybe it’s time to look at liquidating some of those transferable currencies before they start smelling like old fish. It can be ill-advised to look at point values and say “I’ll never redeem for less than xx.xx.” Getting the maximum cpp value from my points and miles isn’t the goal. It’s about using the points and miles that I have to add more enjoyment and satisfaction to my life. And there’s so much possibility there is to do that in our little game, regardless of the CPP.
So, I guess I better put the pitchfork away, grab a marshmallow and join Greg and Nick around the campfire. The points value may not always be optimal, but it sure is warm around here.
These two paragraphs are exactly right:
Value is subjective per person. Personally when calculating the value I get for a business class redemption, I use the economy fare times some multiplier that I think I’d be willing pay. The multiplier ranges from say 1.1 for a domestic flight to 1.75 for outbound flights where the travel time is 20 or more hours. There I want to arrive fresh. That’s always a lot less than the listed price.
If u aren’t paying $$$ for travel Bc u r paying with points….by definition you r winning. Paying for travel with $$$ is so plebeian.
Those who believe devaluation is rampant are using flawed math omitting the earnings side of the equation. When including ease and rate of earning in the calculation points and miles redemption valuations double to quadruple compared to when these programs first began.
You need more punctuation.
That’s a very valid point, and something that I’m going to dig into in the near future. There’s so many ways to look at that issue (also depending on when you’re starting from). I also think how you gain points dramatically affects how earning has kept up with burning (ie, on the spectrum from 100% earning points by paying cash at hotels to 100% earning based on credit card spend/bonuses). I think there’s good arguments to be made on both sides. However, that’s based on points-earning at current rates. I think it’s pretty safe to say that, if you earned a mile/point 10 years ago in basically any program, that value of that mile is less today because you earned at the earnings rates from 10 years ago but are spending at the burning rates of today. That’s the loss that happens with large balances from devaluation.
Any and all redemptions for cash simply are not in the hobby and should be relegated to cash-back clubs.
I think I’m picking up what you’re laying down.
It reminds me of Ryan Bingham. It’s not about what you can do with 10 million miles it’s the goal. 🙂
Lol, thanks for bringing some RB into the discussion.
A very thoughtful article. Thank you, Tim. Between P1 and P2, we are sitting on 2M MR and 800K UR. Also bunch of Lifemiles and some other airline and hotel currencies. While I understand the concept of “earn and burn”, my concern of converting to cash is not being able to generate points for a redemption when I need it. Yes, cashback is great, but no one is able to cashback their way to ANA F redemption.
I completely agree. If you’re going to be able to use them towards ANA F, that’s a terrific win and one that you’ll never be able to touch by cashing out via Schwab.
Burn them at the Stake but not together,the CC’s will Pay..Bernie
*checks Award Wallet balance * Hmm, almost 11 million points (with 3M, 2M, 2M and 1M in Amex, AA, Citi and Chase), maybe I should bring down the balance a notch or two… Why can’t I do it?!?
#collectoritis. I’ve been afflicted for years as well. Those big points balances are just so very comforting. 🙂
Thoughtful discussion thanks Tim.
I could see myself taking 5K Hyatt points over a $100 Hyatt gc to avoid having to track and use the gc. My reminder lists are too long already. Miles-and-points should be fun, not a chore, unless the $ amounts are large enough to justify the extra work.
I cashed out 1M MR at 1.25 cpp but I won’t do the next 1M at 1.1 cpp because the Biz Plat’s 35% pay-with-points rebate puts a rough floor on MR value, as long as I have enough flights to redeem MR for.
Those are both great points. I’ve actually taken that 5K points as well several times. I think there’s a lot to be said for losing incremental earnings in the name of mental clarity. There’s only so much I have these days. 🙂
Great, thought-provoking article.
I never cash out points for other than above RRV airfare and hotels, and am sitting on about 1.5 or 2 mm of them, mostly between UR and MR. The difference between my outlook and the heavy hitters represented by the FM crew is that I’m not confident in my ability to generate hundreds of thousands of points easily in the future.
I’ve had many of the really great bonuses and imagine that my options for million-point years (even 500K point years) are pretty limited. I don’t MS and don’t have much of an interest, and have limited ability to push my organic spend above the $50-$80K range (with the major exception being that I do file reasonably hefty estimated tax payments and haven’t used CCs for those yet). And I recognize that my lack of discipline means I shouldn’t toy with a lot of the “sign-up, then cancel” deals, or stack a lot of Rakuten stuff which requires careful tracking.
On the flip side, my poor advance planning and generally procrastination means that I often miss out on opportunities to spend the points for really great value and wind up with cash flights. So even my concerted effort to spend points right now means I’m not using them up that fast.
So I wind up hoarding points for future travel which was either eliminated for much of the pandemic or just isn’t materializing for whatever reason.
This is in contrast to (what appears to me to be) the attitude of Greg, Nick, and Tim (I don’t have a sense of where Stephen and Carrie are) that they feel that they can generate the points needed for a major trip (say, 500K points) in a few weeks.
Towards this end, it would be interesting to have a series of articles or podcasts each of which talks about what you can accomplish with different levels of organic credit card spend each year. For instance, if you spend $10K each year on credit cards — what’s reasonable to expect in points from that spend and how what strategies would you use (target one currency? multiple sign-ups?). The same at $20K, $50K, $100K, $200K, or whatever levels you think make sense.
I like that suggestion!
That’s extremely well thought-out and, in my opinion, a great example of tailoring your earning and burning to your situation and to how deeply you want to get in to some of the incremental opportunities. It’s so valuable to be able to say no to things that you just don’t have the time and/or inclination to get involved with…and then be able to use your points wisely knowing approximately how much you can safey generate in a year or two.
That said, I’m not certain that Nick, Greg, Stephen or I would necessarily be “heavy hitters” when it comes to MS earning…there are plenty of folks out there that make us look like paupers. (Carrie, on the other hand, may be a master of the dark arts). If I needed to generate 500K in a few weeks for a trip, I’d be nervous…the very idea gives me the willies. Speaking just for myself, it’s more of a matter of constantly grinding towards incremental goals that, after time, add up to larger balances, which I think is another great point you make in terms of planning.
I love your idea below. That would make a great series;”if I have X amount of spend each year, what’s the best way to use it.” The reality is that the mast majority of folks (including the ones that read FM), don’t come anywhere close to $200K annually in credit-card spend, so what’s the best way to use what you have efficiently.
I’d love to see what you guys come up with using Larry’s idea. So many paths to go down with the idea. Such as, if my goal was 2 RT award tickets to Australia from the East Coast in one year would it possible to do by spending $1,250 a month ($15K a year)?
I enjoyed reading this article, but I’m not sure I agree with your analysis of Greg’s choice to take 5000 Hyatt points vs. a $100 Hyatt gift card.
Whether Greg spends $100 on his Hyatt Visa or on the gift card, he will still be receiving 6.5 points per dollar on those folio charges. You seem to be assuming that Greg would be using a Hyatt gift card to buy an extra $100 of Hyatt products (room/F&B/spa/etc.) that he would not have purchased otherwise, but I think a more reasonable view would be that using the gift card would reduce by $100 whatever Greg would have spent on his Hyatt Visa. This means that the only “cost” of using the $100 gift card is losing the 4 Hyatt points per dollar on that hundred dollars of credit card spend. The Hyatt point value at which the $100 GC and the 5000 Hyatt points are worth the same to Greg can be calculated by setting [Greg’s valuation of the $100 GC, minus his value of the 400 points not earned] equal to his valuation of 5000 Hyatt points. In equation form:
GCValue – 400X = 5000X
If GCValue = $100 (10,000 cents) then X = 100/54, which is ~1.85+ cents per point.
So yes, this is still more than his reasonable redemption value, but not by 50%. If Greg’s GC value is reduced from face value due to having “one less thing to remember to deal with”, the breakeven goes lower; at a $90 GCValue, X = 1.6666.. cpp.
I agree that it’s often hard to be redeeming miles for less than the RRV. I always want to maximize my value but at the same time, it’s the experience that ultimately matters so if I have a sub-optimal RRV but it means we’re staying somewhere we need to be, then that’s always better.
Oh also forgot to say, it was a fun read. Thanks Tim
Couldn’t agree more.
Enjoyable read, Tim, thanks!
Being fully vested in Sapphire & Ink cards, however, Chase points continue to be the hardest for me to earn & accumulate. And they are where I always turn for high-end hotel bookings (because of the added substantial discount AMEX, C1, & Citi don’t offer after some nominal bonuses) or for transfer to Hyatt.
Whenever I cash out & am low on URs I actually get a little panicky & run to OF/Staples for the long slog back to my comfort level. I otherwise feel ok taking MRs & TYPs down to zero because I always know I have URs to come to my travel rescue with the most economic power of all the currencies.
Pam, I don’t think you ever hve to worry about not tailoring your points and miles use towards your lifestyle. We need to have you do a workshop sometime. 🙂
I completely agree. It used to be that MR were on the slower end of earning with the lower bonuses and far few NLL offers. Boy has that flipped on its head.
I try to to keep a baseline level of 100k-200k across the board, but I’ve let my UR balance slip below recently (partially because of the hotel transfer you noted), so I’m off the PYB redemptions and hitting Staples hard!
Tim, I agree point baselines are important, I view them like emergency reserve buckets for savings (w/o the interest). Nothing worse for me than having depleted a point currency just as a great deal comes along.
I have been an iPrefer member of Preferred Hotels for many years. When they celebrated an anniversary way back they allowed purchasing a night at one of their hotels around the world for something like $15/nt (corresponded to their anniv year).
Catch was you didn’t know WHICH hotel until assigned so we ended up with a luxury hotel…in the Galapagos Islands! We had recently spent down all our AA miles so I was scrambling to find reasonable airfare last minute. That experience has always served as a “baseline” reminder for me.
As you say about an MR strategy turnaround is my own with TYPs, thanks to Greg’s experiences & write-ups. I am now aggressively accumulating Custom Cash card & purchases for 5x points, transferring them 1:2 to Choice, & redeeming at Preferred Hotels. One of my very favorite hotels is Hotel Emma for only 55k Choice points. That property routinely (& insanely) sells at $600-$1,200/nt – to stay for $300+/nt of point value (that was earned at .06) is the deal of my year! Keep up the great reporting.
Hate to be the grammar police (not true, love to be the grammar police) but Nick had “rationale” for redeeming MR points (not “rational”) and Greg buried the “lede” (not the “lead”) on his article. Phew. That feels better. Carry on.
Oh, yeah. It’s a good, old-fashioned grammar showdown! Absolutely correct on rationale, that’s fixed. That said, I’ll have to respectfully disagree on “lede” vs “lead.” 🙂
“The idiom bury the lede means to fail to emphasize the most important part of a story in an article (or vital information more generally). Both bury the lede and bury the lead are correct, with “lede” simply being an alternative journalistic spelling invented between the 1950s and 1970s.”
Hi, Tim. “It’s important to be able to tailor my earning and buring to my life/style…” I assume you mean burning.
I don’t get the point of this article. You call out Nick and Greg only to put yourself in the same category you placed them in? WTF???
I know. It’s quite a headspin isn’t it?
I just hit 40 Hyatt nights & replied full-sloth points to the email
“Do as I say, not as I do.” 🙂